Climate Change for Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
Barriers and Facilitators to Germplasm Exchange in Developing Countries: Implications for Responses to Climate Change

This study examines the movement and use of genetic resources between the GGIAR (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research) Centres, CGIAR partners and other end users. In collaboration with Bioversity International, it examines how extreme weather is affecting national, regional and global patterns of germplasm; whether there are changes in demand for germplasm traits, and how institutional structures that facilitate and constrain exchange necessary for responding to changes in weather. The project will conduct a survey of plant breeders and genebank managers in 19 developing countries to better understand changes in germplasm demand and flow resulting from changes in weather patterns, how the key actors draw on existing and new resources to respond and adapt to the evolving context, and what institutional and organization factors limit or enable their ability to effectively respond.

Key questions addressed in the study include:

  • What are the current germplasm material exchange patterns? Does extreme weather affect the patterns of exchange? What are the germplasm attributes of interest to breeders? Have there been changes in preference for attributes or crops over time related to extreme weather?
  • What are the institutional constraints particularly newly introduced policies, laws (proclamation) norms, rules, directives, agreement etc…) on the exchange of germplasm? How do those institutional constraints affect international and within-country exchange of materials and dissemination of released varieties to farmers?
  • How is genetic material disseminated to farmers? Are there policies or programs that seek to promote material exchange of germplasm with farmers? What are the constraints to dissemination to farmers?

CCAFS is a CGIAR (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research) program to address the challenge of climate change on food security on agricultural practices, policies and measures. The CCAFS project is led by (CIAT) International Center for Tropical Agriculture in collaboration with other CGIAR centers to address the most important interactions, synergies and trade-offs between climate change and agriculture. The project is funded by Bioversity International.

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